From “Academy” to “Normal School” to “Teachers College,” and on to today’s comprehensive school, it has been a long and rather intriguing road. Many of us enjoy reading about dramatic historical events and periods, wars, revolutions etc., yet how many of us actually ever take part in such things? On the other hand, we all go to school, and yet most people know little about how education, especially higher education, has developed and grown in this country.
Here’s a (greatly!) simplified overview: in 1835 public schooling covered grades 1-8, and there was no high school as we know it. Colleges, schools that granted the bachelor degree or higher, were extremely few in number, expensive, and generally for men only. They also tended to focus on a classical curriculum, Greek, Latin, rhetoric etc.
As the country expanded, the perception grew that more educational opportunity for its citizens was needed. People wanted better trained teachers for grades 1-8, higher education that included more science and practical subjects, and schools more accessible to ordinary people.
This led to the development of the “academies,” an early educational form that combined elements of both today’s high schools and colleges. Such a school was started here in Brockport in 1835, on land donated by Hiel Brockway, founder of Brockport. The six acres he donated are still part of the campus, the area where Hartwell Hall is now. The original building was in the same general location as Hartwell, as were subsequent buildings. (Hartwell Hall followed these earlier buildings in the late 1930s.)
So ends this initial history lesson 🙂 Please follow this blog over the coming year as we explore the many facets of our school’s history!